Third Reich Day by Day: March 1934

The tensions between the SA leadership and Hitler exploded in 1934. Ernst Röhm, believing that the Nazi revolution should be taken a step further, began to talk of the SA replacing the army. Hitler, however, now firmly in power, did not want to alienate the army or the conservative élites that were backing him. Egged on by other senior Nazis, the Führer decided to eradicate the SA threat. The result was the Night of the Long Knives, during which the senior leadership of the SA, including Röhm, was killed.


Germany, Individuals

Ex-Chancellor Brüning leaves Germany, for safety, settling in the USA. As a politician who opposed the Enabling Act, he has been at risk from arrest or violence from the Nazis for some time.