Third Reich Day by Day: March 1937

Germany and Italy had not always been close allies; indeed, during the early 1930s Mussolini had moved troops up to the Austrian border to deter Hitler from influencing events in Austria. However, Hitler had supported Mussolini’s war in Ethiopia and both dictators found themselves supporting the anti-communist cause in Spain. It was, therefore, perhaps logistical that they should ultimately become allies. That process was cemented by the Duce’s historic trip to Germany in 1937, when the Nazis pulled out all the stops to win over Italy’s leader.


Germany, Religion

Pope Pius XI issues Mit brennende Sorge (With Burning Anxiety), a paper listing violations of the Concordat and Nazi persecution of the Catholic church.