Third Reich Day by Day: October 1938

Though the early years of World War II saw a string of German military triumphs, 1938 was probably the most successful year for Adolf Hitler. The removal of Blomberg and Fritsch ensured the total loyalty of the army, which de facto became an unthinking tool of Hitler’s will. On the international front the union of Austria and the Sudetenland with the Third Reich was a stunning coup, and one achieved without firing a shot. At home Hitler was viewed as a genius, a leader who could do no wrong and who had kept his promise to bring ethnic Germans back into the Reich.

October

Germany, Anti-Semitism

Passports for Jews are to be stamped “J” henceforth. The expulsion of 17,000 former Polish Jews from Germany takes place.

1 October

Czechoslovakia, Sudetenland

German troops receive a rapturous welcome as they march into the Sudetenland in September.
German troops receive a rapturous welcome as they march into the Sudetenland in September.

Germany occupies the Sudetenland in accordance with the terms of the Munich Agreement reached in September.