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Who were the Brownshirts?
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Their proper title was Sturmabteilung (Storm Detachment), or SA. They were tough, unemployed ex-soldiers who frequented Munich beer halls such as the Torbräukeller near the Isar Gate. They were recruited by Ernst Röhm to protect Nazi speakers at public meetings. The Brownshirts, as they became known, were party uniformed supporters who wore brown shirts (hence their nickname) and who acted as bodyguards. They were to grow in number during the 1920s and early 1930s, acting under Röhm’s orders rather than Hitler’s.