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What was Gestapo short for?
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Geheime Staats Polizei – Secret State Police. The Gestapo became the political police of Nazi Germany. The Gestapo ruthlessly eliminated opposition to the Nazis within Germany and its occupied territories, and in the war was responsible for the roundup of Jews throughout Europe for deportation to extermination camps. The Gestapo operated without restraints. It had the authority of “preventative arrest,” and its actions were not subject to judicial appeal. Thousands of leftists, intellectuals, Jews, trade unionists, political clergy, and homosexuals simply disappeared into concentration camps after being arrested by the Gestapo.